Hazard identification and evaluation in a local community. .--París : Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente, 1992 p..-- 86 p..- Serie: UNEP. Technical Report Series, 12
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This Handbook is part of UNEP's Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL) programme .
APELL deals with technical and industrial accidents.
The programme is designed to promote local co-operative action in order to create and/or increase community awareness of hazards that are potential threats to people, property and the environment; and to create and/or improve emergency preparedness.
In the APELL-Handbook you will find on Pp.33-41 a ten-step approach to the process of planning for emergency preparedness at local level.
This Handbook deals with and expands STEP 2 of the APELL process:
Evaluate the risks and hazards which may result in emergency situations in the community .
It deals with hazard identification, evaluation and ranking of risk objects, in relation to potential technical and industrial accidents in a local community. It provides a method for carrying out this work.
The aims are to show how risk objects can be identified, evaluated and ranked by a basic rough-analysis method and to encourage an increased risk consciousness and environmental awareness as development takes place in the community.
Accordingly, the accidents considered here are events such as : large fires, explosions, leakages of substances which are poisonous or harmful to the environment, and natural disasters which could cause industrial accidents, such as landslides or floods.
This Handbook does not go into the risks associated with long-term climatic conditions or with the various leakages of hazardous substances from normal production in industry ( otherwise known as normal operational emissions ).
Its scope al so excludes nuclear accidents and those of a strictly military nature.
Although the Handbook is concerned with industrial accidents and accidents with industry-related activities, the method presented can also be used for other types of accidents.
The Handbook is not intended to give examples of every kind of accident that could possibly occur.
It does not give detailed information on various substances and their possible accident risks and effects on-site or off-site. This type of information can be obtained from computerised databases, other handbooks (see references), etc.
What the Handbook does do is to give you a toolbox with which to get started on the work of analysing potential hazards to get an overview of the most serious threats to people, property and the environment in the area, in order to improve safety measures, allocate resources, etc.